Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) is also known as balm,[1] common balm,[2] and balm mint. It is a perennial herbaceous plant in the mint family Lamiaceae and native to south-central Europe, the Mediterranean BasinIran, and Central Asia, but now naturalized in the Americas and elsewhere.[3]

It grows to a maximum height of 70–150 cm (28–59 in). The leaves have a mild lemon scent similar to mint. During summer, small white flowers full of nectar appear. It is not to be confused with bee balm (genus Monarda), although the white flowers attract bees, hence the genus Melissa (Greek for “honey bee”).

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